Irregular menstruation is a condition in which menstrual blood flows less than usual. can occur for many reasons, may occur only once And it’s not always a danger signal. Most often it occurs in teenagers and women who have entered menopause.
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For those who have normal menstrual cycles But there is a short period of menstrual bleeding, probably because it is in the age when the body is not yet fully grown. thus affecting the estrogen hormone that regulates the menstrual cycle Or may be caused by other factors related as well, so if the menstrual period is less and frequent menstrual irregularities, should see a doctor for a regular check-up and treatment for menstruation
less menstrual symptoms
In general, a woman’s menstrual cycle ranges from 21-35 days and has a period of about 3-5 days each time, but some men may have periods for about 2-7 days, which is normal. by the blood that flows out There may be a large, medium, or little quantity.
Patients may have low menstruation for no reason. May face other health problems or may develop vaginal bleeding, therefore, symptoms should be observed and go see a doctor immediately If there are any of the following conditions
– Menstrual periods less than 2 days
– Very little menstrual bleeding or a little drop of blood
– Frequent menstruation happens more often than having a normal menstrual cycle.
– have a lack of menstruation
Cause of low menstruation
If you have had normal menstrual bleeding or periods that come regularly before Mild menstrual cramps can be a dangerous sign. and may be caused by a number of reasons as follows:
– Ovulation, although ovulation is a normal process that causes women of reproductive age to have menstruation. But sometimes it can cause bleeding from the vagina in the middle of the menstrual cycle. or during ovulation This may be mistaken for a normal period that is less.
– Pregnancy. Those who are pregnant may have intermittent bleeding from the vagina. which may be blood washing the child’s face born after fertilization Because the embryo moves to attach to the uterine wall. With only 1-2 days of bleeding, it can be mistaken for menstrual bleeding. This could be due to a faulty contraceptive. or did not use birth control while having sex Therefore, a pregnancy test should be performed if such symptoms are found.
– Breastfeeding during lactation Hormones that help create milk production inhibit the secretion of sex hormones. causing ovulation late and causing menstruation to be absent It will take several months for menstruation to return normally. There may be a chance of pregnancy at this stage. Because ovulation occurs 2 weeks before the first menstrual period after giving birth. If you have unprotected sex during this period and had a bleeding episode should take a pregnancy test To make sure that the blood that comes out is not blood washing the child’s face.
– Contraceptives, various types of contraception, such as oral contraceptives contraceptive injection contraceptive ring May inhibit the process of ovulation in females thinning the uterine wall cause less menstruation or a lack of menstruation may face irregular menstruation if you have just started or recently stopped taking birth control pills and menstruation will return to normal after stopping the use of contraception
– Adolescence is the first period of menstruation. An immature body can affect the hormones that regulate menstruation. There will be different amounts and intervals of the menstrual cycle. In addition, women entering menopause May face irregular menstruation due to the decrease in hormone levels therefore resulting in less ovulation resulting in less menstrual periods until the menstrual period is finally over after this age by the age at which women tend to enter menopause and causing less problems with menstruation, which is around the age of 45-55 years
– Stress when stressful The brain changes the hormones that control the menstrual cycle. As a result, menstruation is less or not at all. but will return to normal menstruation after recovering from stress
– Body weight, body weight and body fat may result in irregular menstruation. If the weight is very low or rapid weight loss Due to the lack of calories that help produce the hormones needed in the process of ovulation. which may cause less menstruation As for being overweight or obese May result in irregular menstruation or lack of menstruation as well. Therefore, it is important to control your body weight to be in an appropriate range.
– Exercising too much Generally, regular exercise does not affect menstrual irregularities. But if playing sports that require a lot of strength or vigorous exercise for several hours May face less menstrual periods for a shorter period of time than usual or lack of menstruation especially in those who are underweight or not getting enough nutrients that are essential to the body Athletes or people who have to do vigorous activities Ask your doctor for advice on proper activities or ways to help keep your period regular.
– Eating disorders such as anorexia and bulimia, because these eating disorders result in weight loss. This may cause the hormones that control the menstrual cycle to change. cause less menstruation
– PCOS or polycystic ovary syndrome Patients with this condition may have irregular menstrual periods. or lack of menstruation This is because PCOS causes hormone changes in the body. and interferes with ovulation May cause conditions such as acne, facial hair. weight change Overweight, infertile, infertile, etc.
– Thyroid disease. Too much or too little thyroid hormone levels can cause irregular menstruation. or may have missed menstruation for several months If the cause of thyroid disease is an immune system disorder May result in various glands including the ovaries malfunction. and may stimulate menopause faster
– Endometrial hyperplasia Irregular menstrual periods may be caused by invasion of the uterine lining into the uterine muscle. This may cause the patient to have more or less menstrual periods than usual.
– pelvic infection May be caused by unprotected sex Or the accumulation of germs until the infection spreads to various organs from the vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes to the ovaries. causing bleeding that may be understood as menstrual bleeding
– Some other illnesses or conditions can cause bleeding from the vagina. until it can be mistaken for menstrual blood, such as uterine fibroids Ectopic conditions, miscarriages, diabetes and cancers of the reproductive organs.
In addition, vaginal bleeding from other causes can be mistaken for less than normal menstrual bleeding, such as sexual harassment. The presence of foreign objects in the vagina, so if the patient finds menstrual irregularities or suspect that the bleeding may not be menstrual bleeding You should see your doctor for a checkup.